(a) The marriage contract must legally be regarded as a civil law contract. Marriage consists of one man and one woman. All other marriages are declared contrary to the public policy of this State and are null and void. (b) No relationship other than marriage may be recognized by the State, which confers on the parties the rights or incidents of marriage. Section 9-11-107. Invalid same-sex marriage Marriage can only be concluded between a man and a woman. Same-sex marriage is null and void. Section 9-11-109. (a) All marriages contracted outside that State which would be valid under the laws of the State or country where the marriages were contracted and in which the parties were then actually resident shall be valid before all courts of that State. (b) This section does not apply to same-sex marriages. A union that reproduces same-sex or same-sex marriage in the State of Alabama or any other jurisdiction shall be considered and treated in all respects as having legal or effective force in that State and shall not be recognized by that State as a marriage or other union that repeats the marriage. When federal judges in Oregon and Pennsylvania ruled this week that banning same-sex marriage was discriminatory, attorneys general decided not to appeal the verdicts — a move experts say could become a trend. 3.
Such lawful union grants and imposes on such persons, under the laws of the country which gave rise to such union, substantially the same rights, benefits, guarantees, responsibilities, duties and obligations as a marriage. A fierce battle is taking place between these poles, with those who hope that all gays and lesbians, regardless of where they live, will soon have the right to marry, fighting against those who believe that same-sex marriage contributes to undermining heterosexual marriage, which they see as the foundation of healthy families. (a) Marriage between a person and his ancestor, descendant, brother, sister, uncle, aunt, niece, nephew or first cousin is prohibited and void. (d) A marriage contracted or recognized outside the State between persons prohibited by paragraph (a) of this article does not constitute a lawful or valid marriage within the State. *Note: These percentages reflect estimates of the adult LGBTQ population living in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Estimates of the adult LGBTQ population in the five inhabited territories of the United States are not available and therefore cannot be considered here. (b) The parties to a marriage are included in any definition or use of terms such as “dependant”, “family”, “husband”, “wife”, “widower”, “immediate family”, “next of kin”, “spouse”, “step-parent”, “tenant as a whole” and other gendered terms that refer to a marital or family relationship or a person having a conjugal or family relationship. How these terms are used in the Code, administrative rules or regulations, court rules, government guidelines, common law, court decisions or other provisions or sources of that state`s laws, including equity, whether the parties to a marriage are of the same or different sexes. Amid widespread efforts in many states to prevent same-sex marriage, there has been at least one notable victory for gay rights advocates during this period. In 1999, the Vermont Supreme Court ruled that gay and lesbian couples are entitled to all the rights and protections associated with marriage.
However, the court left it to the Vermont legislature to decide how to grant these rights to same-sex couples. The following year, the legislature passed a bill giving gay and lesbian couples the right to form civil partnerships, which grant most of the legal rights to marriage, but not the title. (a) Marriage in that State consists solely of the union of a man and a woman. (b) That State, or any of its political subdivisions, does not create or recognize any legal status identical or analogous to marriage. The Supreme Court`s decision to legalize same-sex marriage in states and territories did not legalize same-sex marriage in Native American tribal nations. In the United States, Congress (not the federal courts) has legal authority over Indian reservations. If Congress does not pass same-sex marriage legislation on these reservations, federally recognized Native American tribes have the right to form their own marriage laws.  At the time of Obergefell, 25 tribal nations legally recognized same-sex marriage.